Wonderland

Wonderland, 2016–2019. Kindling Arts Festival, Track One, Nashville, TN. Soundscape by Ben Elkins/ELEL. Photo by Tiffany Bessire.

Meditative Walk and For There Will Always Be Light

Meditative Walk and For There Will Always Be Light, 2022. Mixed media. Open Air 2022, UConn Avery Point, 2022.

Dream House

Storm and Wishing Stars, Dream House, 2022. Mixed Media. In collaboration with Be Witched and Kindling Arts, Ozari, Nashville, TN.

Rejuvenation

Rejuvenation, 2022. Mixed media installation. Upstate Art Weekend, ChaNorth, Pine Plains, NY.

For There Is Always Light

For There Is Always Light, 2021. People draw and write obstacles they have overcome during the pandemic and hopes they have for after it is over. Kindling Arts Festival, OZ Arts, Nashville, TN, 2021. Created with support from CONVERGE.

Wonderland

Wonderland, 2016–2019. Kindling Arts Festival, Track One, Nashville, TN. Photo by Tiffany Bessire.

Elemental

Elemental, 2022. Painted plastics, iridescent films, LED lights, 5"in diameter each. Create at ChaNorth and the Golden Foundation.

Storm

Storm, 2020–2021. Paper, painted plastics, iridescent films, LED lights, 24” x 30” x 20” each. Create with support from CONVERGE.

Magic in This World

Magic in This World, 2019–2020. Mixed media, 96” x 72” x 72.” Fort Houston, Nashville, TN and SKyPAC, Bowling Green, KY.

Share the Love

Share the Love, 2022. Mixed media, 108” x 60” x 60.” Coop Gallery, Nashville, TN.

Golden Stump

Golden Stump, 2022. Acrylic on wood, 24" x 18" x 18." Created at The Golden Foundation, New Berlin, NY.

Meditative Walk and For There Will Always Be Light

Meditative Walk and For There Will Always Be Light, 2022. Mixed media. Open Air 2022, UConn Avery Point, 2022.

Meditative Walk

Meditative Walk and For There Will Always Be Light, 2022. Mixed media. Open Air 2022, UConn Avery Point, 2022.

Rejuvenation

Rejuvenation, 2022. Mixed media installation. Upstate Art Weekend, ChaNorth, Pine Plains, NY.

11_UConnAveryPoint_OpenAir22

Meditative Walk and For There Will Always Be Light, 2022. Mixed media. Open Air 2022, UConn Avery Point, 2022.

Meditative Walk

Meditative Walk and For There Will Always Be Light, 2022. Mixed media. Open Air 2022, UConn Avery Point, 2022. 2022.

Spectrum at Crosstown Arts

Spectrum, 2022. Fabrics, thread, LEDs, detail. The Art of Science, Crosstown Arts, Memphis, TN. Curated by Tawny Skye.

Spectrum at Crosstown Arts

Spectrum, 2022. Fabrics, thread, LEDs, 112” x 72” x 4.” The Art of Science, Crosstown Arts, Memphis, TN. Curated by Tawny Skye.

Wishing Stars

Wishing Stars, 2002. Mixed Media. The End of the Impossible / Unconventional Art Exhibit, TedX Nashville, Schermerhorn Symphony Center, Nashville, TN (curated by Kimberly Sawyer and Danielle Krysa, The Jealous Curator).

Wishing Stars

Wishing Stars, 2002. Mixed Media. The End of the Impossible / Unconventional Art Exhibit, TedX Nashville, Schermerhorn Symphony Center, Nashville, TN (curated by Kimberly Sawyer and Danielle Krysa, The Jealous Curator).

Cloud Fort with Silver Lining

Sketch for Storm, 2020-2021

Dawn to Dusk

Dawn to Dusk: Meditative Walk, 2020-2021. Acrylic on plastic solar powered lanterns. Madison on My Mind, Peeler Park, Madison, TN. Supported by a grant from Metro Nashville Arts Commission & NEA.

Share the Love at Locational Shift

Share the Love, 2022. Mixed media, 108” x 60” x 60.” Locational Shift, Coop Gallery, Nashville, TN.

Dawn to Dusk

Dawn to Dusk: Meditative Walk, 2020-2021. Acrylic on plastic solar powered lanterns. Madison on My Mind, Peeler Park, Madison, TN. Supported by a grant from Metro Nashville Arts Commission & NEA.

Field of Dreams: Geodes

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2017. Soundscape by ELEL. FIGMENT, North Adams, MA.

Wonderland

Wonderland, 2016–2019. Kindling Arts Festival, Track One, Nashville, TN. Soundscape by Ben Elkins/ELEL. Photo by Tiffany Bessire.

Wishing Stars, Dream House

Wishing Stars, Dream House, 2022. Mixed Media. In collaboration with Be Witched and Kindling Arts, Ozari, Nashville, TN.

Share the Love

Share the Love, 2022. Mixed media, detail. Coop Gallery, Nashville, TN.

For There Is Always Light

For There Is Always Light, 2021. People draw and write obstacles they have overcome during the pandemic and hopes they have for after it is over. Kindling Arts Festival, OZ Arts, Nashville, TN, 2021. Created with support from CONVERGE.

Clouds and Geodes

Thunderclouds, geodesic dome, and geodes, 2020. Mixed media installation.

Field of Dreams: Geodes

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2017. Lake Michigan, Chicago.

For There Is Always Light

For There Is Always Light, 2021. People draw and write obstacles they have overcome during the pandemic and hopes they have for after it is over. Kindling Arts Festival, OZ Arts, Nashville, TN, 2021. Created with support from CONVERGE.

Converge 2021

For There Is Always Light, 2021. A collaboration with Hannah McCarthy, Alysha Irisari Malo, and Tabitha Meeks, CONVERGE, Grassroots Art Park, Nashville, TN, 2021. Created with support from CONVERGE.

Wonderland

Wonderland, 2016–2019. Kindling Arts Festival, Track One, Nashville, TN. Soundscape by Ben Elkins/ELEL. Photo by Tiffany Bessire.

Storm

Storm, 2020–2021. Paper, painted plastics, iridescent films, LED lights, 24” x 30” x 20” each. Create with support from CONVERGE.

Stars Above and Water Below

Stars Above and Water Below, Family Day, 2018. Collaboration with Ben Elkins and ELEL. OZ Arts Nashville. Photo by Tiffany Bessire.

Dawn to Dusk

Dawn to Dusk: Meditative Walk, 2020-2021. Acrylic on plastic solar powered lanterns. Madison on My Mind, Peeler Park, Madison, TN. Supported by a grant from Metro Nashville Arts Commission & NEA.

Wonderland

Wonderland, 2017. Frist Friday with ELEL. Frist Art Museum, Nashville, TN.

ELEL and Geodes

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2015–2017. ELEL.

ELEL and the Geodes

ELEL with the Geodes at SXSW. Courtesy ELEL.

Storm

Thunderstorm, 2020–2021. Paper, painted plastics, iridescent films, LED lights, 24” x 30” x 20” each.

River at InLight

River with Wishing Stars and Geodes, 2018. InLight, curated by Kimberli Gant and 1708 Gallery. Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA. Soundscape by ELEL.

Dawn to Dusk

Dawn to Dusk: Meditative Walk, 2020-2021. Acrylic on plastic solar powered lanterns. Madison on My Mind, Peeler Park, Madison, TN. Supported by a grant from Metro Nashville Arts Commission & NEA.

Dawn to Dusk

Dawn to Dusk: Meditative Walk, 2020-2021. Acrylic on plastic solar powered lanterns. Madison on My Mind, Peeler Park, Madison, TN. Supported by a grant from Metro Nashville Arts Commission & NEA. Photo by Kristen Chapman.

Storm detail

Thundercloud, 2020. Painted plastics, glitter, iridescent film, LED lights, detail.

Storm maquette

Cloud, 2020. Paper, LED lights, 24” x 30” x 20.”

Tomato Art Fest

Bushel of Tomato Fun, 2019. Mixed media, 84” x 240” x 144.” Tomato Art Festival, Nashville, TN.

Wonderland

Wonderland, 2016–2019. Kindling Arts Festival, Track One, Nashville, TN. Soundscape by Ben Elkins/ELEL. Photo by Tiffany Bessire.

Wonderland

Wonderland, 2016–2019. Kindling Arts Festival, Track One, Nashville, TN. Soundscape by Ben Elkins/ELEL.

Storm

Storm, 2020–2021. Paper, painted plastics, iridescent films, LED lights, 24” x 30” x 20” each. Create with support from CONVERGE.

Pumpkins

Pumpkins, 2019. Mixed media; dimensions vary.

Detail of Storm

Storm, 2020. Painted plastics, glitter, iridescent film, LED lights, detail.

Storm

Storm, 2020–2021. Paper, painted plastics, iridescent films, LED lights, 24” x 30” x 20” each.

Clouds and Geodes

Thunderclouds, geodesic dome, and geodes, 2020. Mixed media installation.

Tomato Art Fest

Bushel of Tomato Fun, 2019. Mixed media, 84” x 240” x 144.” Tomato Art Festival, Nashville, TN.

Tomato Art Fest

Bushel of Tomato Fun, 2019. Mixed media, 84” x 240” x 144.” Tomato Art Festival, Nashville, TN.

Stars Above and Water Below

Stars Above and Water Below, Family Day, 2018. Collaboration with Ben Elkins and ELEL. OZ Arts Nashville. Photo by Tiffany Bessire.

Pumpkins at Ragdale

Pumpkins, 2019. Mixed media; dimensions vary. The Ragdale Foundation, Lake Forest, IL.

Repair Our World

Repair Our World, 2019. Mixed media, 60" x 30." Under One Roof, OZ Arts Nashville and Gordon JCC, Nashville, TN.

Stars Above and Water Below

Water Cycle, Family Day, 2018. Collaboration with Ben Elkins and ELEL. OZ Arts Nashville. Photo by Tiffany Bessire.

Magic in This World

Magic in This World, 2019. Mixed media, 96” x 72” x 72.” Modular Art Pods, Fort Houston, Nashville, TN.

Magic in This World

Magic in This World, 2019. Mixed media, 96” x 72” x 72.” Modular Art Pods, Fort Houston, Nashville, TN.

Magic in This World

The Book of Magic, in Magic in This World, 2019. Mixed media, 96” x 72” x 72.” Modular Art Pods, Fort Houston, Nashville, TN.

Stars Above and Water Below

Water Cycle, Family Day, 2018. Collaboration with Ben Elkins and ELEL. OZ Arts Nashville. Photo by Tiffany Bessire.

River ar ArtFields

River at ArtFields, Lake City, SC. 2019.

Tomato Art Fest

Bushel of Tomato Fun, 2019. Mixed media, 84” x 240” x 144.” Tomato Art Festival, Nashville, TN.

Wishing Stars

Wishing Stars, 2019. The Way Late Play Date, The Adventure Science Center, Nashville, TN.

Tomato Art Fest

Bushel of Tomato Fun, 2019. Mixed media, 84” x 240” x 144.” Tomato Art Festival, Nashville, TN.

Tomato Art Fest

Bushel of Tomato Fun, 2019. Mixed media, 84” x 240” x 144.” Tomato Art Festival, Nashville, TN.

River, detail

River, Stars Above and Water Below, Family Day, Collaboration with Ben Elkins and ELEL. OZ Arts Nashville. 2018.

Haunted

Haunted. Immersive performance with Actors Bridge Ensemble, abrasiveMedia, and FALL. Track One, Nashville, TN. 2017.

Make Waves

Make Waves! 2018. American Artisan Festival, Centennial Park, Nashville, TN.

Stars Above and Water Below

Stars Above and Water Below, Family Day, Collaboration with Ben Elkins and ELEL. OZ Arts Nashville. 2018. Photo by Tony Youngblood.

Wishing Stars

Wishing Stars. MusiCircus, curated by Colleen Phelps. OZ Arts Nashville, 2018.

Wishing Stars

Wishing Stars. *Optimism*, 2018 Endless Editions Biennial, curated by Lukaza Branfman-Verissimo. Endless Editions, The Elizabeth Foundation for the Arts – Project Space, New York, NY. Photo by Daniel Wang.

Puddle Poufs

Puddles, Stars Above and Water Below, Family Day, Collaboration with Ben Elkins and ELEL. OZ Arts Nashville. 2018.

Gigantic Geode

MASS MoCA Geode. Field of Dreams. Downing Museum, Bowling Green, KY. 2018.

River at InLight

River with Wishing Stars and Geodes. InLight, curated by Kimberli Gant and 1708 Gallery. Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA. Soundscape by ELEL. 2018.

Gigantic Geode

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2016-17. Large fabric geode, work begun at The Studios at MASS MoCA.

Geodes

Geodes. Field of Dreams. Downing Museum, Bowling Green, KY. 2018.

Field of Dreams

Field of Dreams. Downing Museum, Bowling Green, KY. 2018.

Kindness Fish

Kindness Fish: Make Waves! American Artisan Festival, Centennial Park, Nashville, TN. 2018.

MusiCircus

Wishing Stars. MusiCircus, curated by Colleen Phelps. OZ Arts Nashville, 2018. Structure in rear is by Molly Layhm and Lorne Quarles.

Wishing Stars

Wishing Stars. MusiCircus, curated by Colleen Phelps. OZ Arts Nashville, 2018.

Planets

Stars Above and Water Below, Family Day, Collaboration with Ben Elkins and ELEL. OZ Arts Nashville. 2018. Photo by Jenni Dickens.

Fish Kites from Peagram Elementary

Stars Above and Water Below, Family Day, Collaboration with Ben Elkins and ELEL. OZ Arts Nashville. 2018. Photo by Jenni Dickens.

Make Waves

Make Waves! American Artisan Festival, Centennial Park, Nashville, TN. 2018.

Stars Above and Water Below

Stars Above and Water Below, Family Day, Collaboration with Ben Elkins and ELEL. OZ Arts Nashville. 2018. Photo by Daniel Jones.

River detail

River, Stars Above and Water Below, Family Day, Collaboration with Ben Elkins and ELEL. OZ Arts Nashville. 2018.

Geodes

Field of Dreams: Geodes. Lake Michigan, Chicago, 2017.

Geode Cave

Geode. Soundscape by ELEL. OZArts Fest, Modular Art Pods Exhibition. OZArts Nashville, TN. 2016. Best in Show.

Gigantic Geode detail

Field of Dreams: Geodes. Soundscape by ELEL. FIGMENT North Adams, 2017.

Haunted

Haunted. Immersive performance with Actors Bridge Ensemble, abrasiveMedia, and FALL. Track One, Nashville, TN. 2017.

ELEL and Geodes at the Frist

Wonderland. Frist Friday with ELEL. Frist Art Museum, Nashville, TN. 2017. Photo © Mark Kimura/Kimura Productions.

Extrasensory

Favorite Things. Extrasensory, Frist Art Museum, Nashville, TN. 2017. Approximately 1000 people worked on this community project, drawing and sharing their favorite things as experienced through their five senses. Photo by Dee Kimbrell.

Geodes

Field of Dreams: Geodes. Nashville Lantern Festival, Nashville, TN, 2017.

Glowing Wonderland

Glowing Wonderland. CONNECT. Bernheim Arboretum and Research Forest, KY. 2017.

Haunted

Haunted. Immersive performance with Actors Bridge Ensemble, abrasiveMedia, and FALL. Track One, Nashville, TN. 2017.

ELEL and the Geodes

The Geodes with ELEL. Lincoln Hall + Schubas, Chicago, IL, 2017.

Haunted

Haunted. Immersive performance with Actors Bridge Ensemble, abrasiveMedia, and FALL. Track One, Nashville, TN. 2017.

Geodes at MASS MoCA

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2016-17. The Studios at MASS MoCA.

Geodes at the Kentucky Museum

Geodes. At the Kentucky Museum, by its historic log cabin, 2016. First Place Sculpture, Celebration of the Arts.

Planets

Planets. Solar Eclipse & Astronomical Art Show, FFOYA House, Bowling Green, KY. 2017.

Planets

Planets. Solar Eclipse & Astronomical Art Show, FFOYA House, Bowling Green, KY. 2017.

Extrasensory: Frist Family Day

Favorite Things. Extrasensory, Frist Art Museum, Nashville, TN. 2017. Approximately 1000 people worked on this community project, drawing and sharing their favorite things as experienced through their five senses.

ELEL and Planets at the Frist

Wonderland. Frist Friday with ELEL. The Frist Center for Visual Arts, Nashville, TN. 2017.

Gigantic Geode at MASS MoCA

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2016-17. Large fabric geode, work begun at The Studios at MASS MoCA.

Field of Dreams

Field of Dreams: Geodes. Soundscape by ELEL. FIGMENT North Adams, MA, 2017.

ELEL and the Geodes

The Geodes with ELEL. Lincoln Hall + Schubas, Chicago, IL, 2017.

Geode detail

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2015–2017. Detail.

Geode Cave detail

Geode. Soundscape by ELEL. OZArts Fest, Modular Art Pods Exhibition. OZArts Nashville, TN. 2016. Best in Show.

Geodes

Field of Dreams. Soundscape by ELEL. FIGMENT North Adams, 2017.

ELEL and the Geodes

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2015–2017. ELEL. Detail.

Rocks and Diamond

Diamond discovered amongst the rocks. Fabrics, 2017.

Extrasensory

Favorite Things. Extrasensory, Frist Art Museum, Nashville, TN. 2017. Approximately 1000 people worked on this community project, drawing and sharing their favorite things as experienced through their five senses.

Geodes

Geodes at The Downing Museum, Western Kentucky University, KY, 2016. Purchase Award, 2016.

Gigantic Geode detail

Field of Dreams: Geodes, detail, 2016-17. Large fabric geode, work begun at The Studios at MASS MoCA.

Geodes

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2015–2017. Detail.

Field of Dreams

Field of Dreams. Soundscape by ELEL. FIGMENT North Adams, 2017.

Landforms

Landforms, Turnip Green Creative Reuse, Nashville, TN, 2016.

Geodes

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2015–2017. Detail.

Extrasensory

Favorite Things. Extrasensory, Frist Art Museum, Nashville, TN. 2017. Approximately 1000 people worked on this community project, drawing and sharing their favorite things as experienced through their five senses.

ELEL and Geodes

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2015–2017. ELEL. Detail.

Geodes at Bernheim

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2016. CONNECTglow, Bernheim Arboretum and Research Forest, Clermont, KY. First Prize.

Geode Cave

Geode. Soundscape by ELEL. OZArts Fest, Modular Art Pods Exhibition. OZArts Nashville, TN. 2016. Best in Show.

Geodes at Berheim

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2016. CONNECTglow, Bernheim Arboretum and Research Forest, Clermont, KY. First Prize.

Geode Cave

Geode. Soundscape by ELEL. OZArts Fest, Modular Art Pods Exhibition. OZArts Nashville, TN. 2016. Best in Show.

Wishing Stars

Wishing Stars. FIGMENT Chicago, 2016.

Wishing Stars

Wishing Stars. FIGMENT Chicago, 2016.

Wishing Stars

Wishing Stars. FIGMENT Chicago, 2016.

Field of Dreams: Rocks

Field of Dreams: Rocks. TIME + PLACE: The 40th Anniversary Ragdale Exhibition, The Arts Center, Highland Park, IL. 2016.

Field of Dreams: Rocks

Field of Dreams: Rocks. TIME + PLACE: The 40th Anniversary Ragdale Exhibition, The Arts Center, Highland Park, IL. 2016.

ELEL with Geodes

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2015–2017. ELEL. Detail.

Geodes

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2015–2017. Detail.

Geodes

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2015–2017. Detail.

Geodes

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2015–2017. Detail.

ELEL with Geodes

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2015–2017. Detail.

Geodes

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2015–2017. Detail.

Rocks

Field of Dreams: Rocks, 2015. Fabrics, threads, mixed media, 72” x 96” x 48.” Ground Floor Gallery + Studios, Nashville, TN.

Rocks

Field of Dreams: Rocks, 2015. Fabrics, threads, mixed media, 72” x 96” x 48.” Ground Floor Gallery + Studios, Nashville, TN.

Cave

Cave, 2015. Fabrics, thread, acrylic on wood, LED lights. 86” x 48” x 60.” Art Matters, Bowling Green, KY and Modular Art Pods, abrasiveMedia, Nashville, TN. Viewers are invited to explore the cave and its rocks while eating a snack.

Cave

Cave, 2015. Detail

Not Your Ordinary Sinkhole

Not Your Ordinary Sinkhole, 2014. Mixed media on panel, 14” x 21.” The Elizabeth Foundation, NY. This is a drawing of how viewers will experience the sinkhole, if/when it is created life-size.

Not Your Ordinary Sinkhole

Not Your Ordinary Sinkhole, 2014. Mixed media, 60” x 60” x 96.” The Elizabeth Foundation, NY. This is a maquette of a sinkhole I hope to create within the landscape someday. Viewers are invited to sit in a pile of soft, pillow rocks and enjoy a snack, such as rock candy or a mud pie. The soft rocks may be part of my installation.

Not Your Ordinary Sinkhole

Not Your Ordinary Sinkhole, 2014. Mixed media on paper, 22” x 30.” The Elizabeth Foundation, NY. This is a maquette of the installation of the impossible sinkhole.

Not Your Ordinary Sinkhole

Not Your Ordinary Sinkhole, 2014. Detail.

Not Your Ordinary Sinkhole

Not Your Ordinary Sinkhole, 2014. Detail. The Elizabeth Foundation, New York, NY.

Not Your Ordinary Sinkhole

Not Your Ordinary Sinkhole, 2014. Mixed media on panel, 14” x 21.” The Elizabeth Foundation, NY. This is a drawing of how viewers will experience the sinkhole, if/when it is created life-size.

Blue Geode

Field of Dreams: Geodes, 2015–2017. Detail.

Art is Illuminating

Art is Illuminating, 2014–2015. Detail.

Art is Illuminating

Art is Illuminating, 2014–2015. Acrylic on glass jars and LED lights, dimensions vary. SeedSpace, Nashville, TN. As an act of gratitude to the Nashville art community, I gave people a lighted, hand-painted lantern as my gift to them during the June 6, 2015 art crawl.

Art is Illuminating

Art is Illuminating, 2014–2015. Detail.

The Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil

The Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, 2014. Acrylic and papier-mâché. The Ragdale Foundation, Lake Forest, IL.

The Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil

The Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, 2014. Acrylic and papier-mâché. The Ragdale Foundation, Lake Forest, IL.

Imagination Tree

Imagination Tree, 2012.

Flower Garlands

Flower Garlands, 2014. Mixed media, dimensions variable. The Pennsylvania State University.

Imagination Tree

Imagination Tree, 2012. Mixed media, dimensions variable. The Ragdale Foundation, Lake Forest, IL.

Room for Imagination

Room for Imagination, 2013. Mixed media, dimensions variable. Houchens Gallery, The Capitol Arts Center/SKyPAC, Bowling Green, KY.

Room for Imagination

Room for Imagination, 2013. Detail.

Hope Springs Eternal

Hope Springs Eternal, 2007–2008. Mixed media, dimensions variable. Painting: Joie de Vivre, acrylic on canvas. Zg Gallery, Chicago, IL.

Hope Springs Eternal

Hope Springs Eternal, 2007–2008. Mixed media, dimensions variable. Detail. Zg Gallery, Chicago, IL.

With Love

With Love, Zg Gallery, Chicago, IL, 2006. Viewers were invited to select a drawing to give to a loved one. In return, they wrote and drew about the loved one.

With Love

With Love, Zg Gallery, Chicago, IL, 2006. Viewers were invited to select a drawing to give to a loved one. In return, they wrote and drew about the loved one.

Heart Throb

Heart Throb, Acrylic on Panel, 8.25" x 11.5," 2005.

You Mean So Much to Me

You Mean So Much to Me, Standard, Chicago, IL, 2002.

You Mean So Much to Me

You Mean So Much to Me, Standard, Chicago, IL, 2002. Acrylic on canvas, 8" x 8" each; installed on screen printed wallpaper.

Sunshine Makes Me Happy

Sunshine Makes Me Happy, Zg Gallery, Chicago, IL, 2005.